While I was researching my thesis, which led to the development of the principles of Ecosystem Gardening, I came across a book by Dave Foreman. Rewilding North America: A Vision for Conservation in the 21st Century eloquently describes six “wounds” that the human population is inflicting on ecosystems which are contributing to the decline of species.

These examples represent the ugly side of human nature, and one would hope that we might have learned important lessons from these examples. But sadly that is not the case.

Today every species of whale is threatened or endangered by overhunting and outright slaughter.

Sharks are caught, their fins removed, and the shark left to die to satisfy a craving for the delicacy of shark fin soup.

And while we are busy pointing fingers of blame at Japan for these activities, our own hands are not clean.

An image of the former governor of Alaska slaughtering wolves from a helicopter comes to mind.

We continue to persecute bats and snakes just because we fear them.

We hunt wolves and coyotes, not for food, but because we are afraid of predators. Ironically, we then complain when the deer munch down our foundation plantings